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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. OpenTSDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. OpenTSDB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonOpenTSDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperScalable Time Series DBMS based on HBaseTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#109  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score3.63
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score5.70
Rank#67  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score2.00
Rank#119  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webopentsdb.netpingcap.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.ioopentsdb.net/­docs/­build/­html/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAmazonGoogleChris Daviscurrently maintained by Yahoo and other contributorsPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20172015200620112016
Current release5.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoLGPLOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languagePythonJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Unix
Linux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoNumeric data onlynumeric data for metrics, strings for tagsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnonononoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonononoyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Sockets
HTTP API
Telnet API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Erlang
Go
Java
Python
R
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonononono
Triggersnonononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneSharding infobased on HBasehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnoneselectable replication factor infobased on HBaseUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)noneImmediate Consistency infobased on HBaseImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneGoogle Cloud BigtableGraphiteOpenTSDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneGoogle Cloud BigtableGraphiteOpenTSDBTiDB
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