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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. NebulaGraph vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. NebulaGraph vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMSSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#107  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1.78
Rank#144  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#181  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Score6.88
Rank#64  Overall
#8  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
sphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.nebula-graph.iosphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazonFoundationDBVesoft Inc.Sphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release2017201320192001
Current release6.2.28, November 20203.4.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLnosupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer onlyno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsin SQL-layer onlyyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noRole-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneFoundationDBNebulaGraphSphinx
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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Amazon NeptuneFoundationDBNebulaGraphSphinx
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