DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. NebulaGraph
System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. NebulaGraph
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Amazon Neptune Xexclude from comparison||FoundationDB Xexclude from comparison||NebulaGraph Xexclude from comparison|
|Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.|
|Description||Fast, reliable graph database built for the cloud||Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.||A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS|
|Primary database model||Graph DBMS|
|Document store supported via specific layer|
Relational DBMS supported via specific SQL-layer
|Current release||6.2.28, November 2020|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source Apache 2.0||Open Source Apache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||hosted||Linux|
|Data scheme||schema-free||schema-free some layers support schemas||Strong typed schema|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||no some layers support typing||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no|
|Secondary indexes||no||no||yes Nebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||supported in specific SQL layer only||SQL-like query language|
|APIs and other access methods||RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1|
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||no||in SQL-layer only|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||Sharding||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas||yes||Causal Clustering using Raft protocol|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Linearizable consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes Relationships in graphs||in SQL-layer only||yes Relationships in graphs|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes with encyption-at-rest||yes||yes using RocksDB|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)||no||Role-based access control|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...|
|Competitive advantages||NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...|
|Typical application scenarios||Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...|
|Key customers||Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...|
|Market metrics||At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...|
|Licensing and pricing models||NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.|
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