DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. Nebula Graph

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score1.39
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score1.08
Rank#171  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperAmazonFoundationDBVesoft Inc.
Initial release201720132019
Current release6.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnosupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer only
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsin SQL-layer onlyyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneFoundationDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneFoundationDBNebula Graph
Recent citations in the news

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

How graph databases took over relationship mapping
19 July 2022, The Register

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

Apple's FoundationDB takes new Record Layer open source, confirms tech underpins CloudKit
14 January 2019, AppleInsider

provided by Google News

Nebula Graph Takes Another Step to Lead Global Graph Database Market With the Release of V3.0.0
18 February 2022, MarTech Series

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The World's Most Capable Graph Database, Nebula Graph™, Debuts for Unmatched Big Data Analytics Discovery
29 June 2020, PR Web

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
30 October 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SDE - Amazon Neptune Platform
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

SDE - Amazon Neptune Platform
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Irvine, CA

Amazon Neptune - Database Engine Performance
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Bellevue, WA

Sr Platform Engineer-62300I
ADP, New York, NY

Core Database Engine Development, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Bellevue, WA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

The right graph database.
Not a graph add-on.
Free forever.
Start solving today

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here