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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.82
Rank#107  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1.48
Rank#142  Overall
#24  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score0.17
Rank#297  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Score0.71
Rank#208  Overall
#99  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.foundationdb.orgwww.leanxcale.comwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperAmazonFoundationDBLeanXcale
Initial release2017201320152014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release6.2.28, November 202010 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnosupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
Java
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer onlyuser defined functions
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsin SQL-layer onlyyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneFoundationDBLeanXcalePostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneFoundationDBLeanXcalePostgres-XL
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