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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. NebulaGraph vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. NebulaGraph vs. TerminusDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1.66
Rank#148  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#296  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#136  Relational DBMS
Score1.31
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#301  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.foundationdb.orgwww.leanxcale.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
terminusdb.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.nebula-graph.ioterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
DeveloperAmazonFoundationDBLeanXcaleVesoft Inc.DataChemist Ltd.
Initial release20172013201520192018
Current release6.2.28, November 202010.1.4, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnonoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnosupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
Java
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer onlyyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsin SQL-layer onlyyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noRole-based access controlRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneFoundationDBLeanXcaleNebulaGraphTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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Amazon NeptuneFoundationDBLeanXcaleNebulaGraphTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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