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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.60
Rank#127  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score11.60
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score121.03
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperAmazonGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201720122000
Current release3.30.1, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedserver-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes, based on authentication and database rulesno

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneFirebase Realtime DatabaseSQLite
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