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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. FatDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. FatDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFatDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
FatDB/FatCloud has ceased operations as a company with February 2014. FatDB is discontinued and excluded from the ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA .NET NoSQL DBMS that can integrate with and extend SQL Server.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.39
Rank#113  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAmazonFatCloudPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201720121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release14.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC#C
Server operating systemshostedWindowsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono infoVia inetgration in SQL Serveryes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
.NET Client API
LINQ
RESTful HTTP API
RPC
Windows WCF Bindings
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infovia applicationsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infovia applicationsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)no infoCan implement custom security layer via applicationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneFatDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Looking under the hood at Amazon Neptune
5 April 2018, ZDNet

Amazon Neptune is here: 6 ways customers use the AWS graph database
31 May 2018, TechRepublic

What Is Graph Analytics & Its Top Tools
15 September 2021, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
30 September 2021, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
1 October 2021, InfoWorld

Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
1 October 2021, The Register

PostgreSQL 14 is here - what should you look out for?
14 October 2021, JAXenter

provided by Google News

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