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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Faircom DB vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Faircom DB vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. NebulaGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFaircom DB infoformerly c-treeACE  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudNative high-speed multi-model DBMS for relational and key-value store data simultaneously accessible through SQL and NoSQL APIs.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.19
Rank#102  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score0.22
Rank#288  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#135  Relational DBMS
Score1.50
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#169  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.faircom.com/­products/­faircom-dbwww.foundationdb.orgwww.leanxcale.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceslearn.faircomcorp.com/­developers/­documentation_directoryapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperAmazonFairCom CorporationFoundationDBLeanXcaleVesoft Inc.
Initial release20171979201320152019
Current releaseV12, November 20206.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoRestricted, free version availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageANSI C, C++C++C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
QNX
SCO
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows infoeasily portable to other OSs
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema free, schema optional, schema required, partial schema,schema-free infosome layers support schemasyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, ANSI SQL Types, JSON, typed binary structuresno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, ANSI SQL with proprietary extensionssupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
Direct SQL
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful MQTT/JSON API
RPC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js and browser)
PHP
Python
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
Java
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes info.Net, JavaScript, C/C++in SQL-layer only
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneFile partitioning, horizontal partitioning, sharding infoCustomizable business rules for table partitioningShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes, configurable to be parallel or serial, synchronous or asynchronous, uni-directional or bi-directional, ACID-consistent or eventually consistent (with custom conflict resolution).yesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Tunable consistency per server, database, table, and transaction
Linearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesin SQL-layer onlyyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDtunable from ACID to Eventually ConsistentACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restYes, tunable from durable to delayed durability to in-memoryyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard with additional protections for filesnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneFaircom DB infoformerly c-treeACEFoundationDBLeanXcaleNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsAchieve Hundreds of Thousands of Transactions Per Second on A Single Database Server...
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesTop Features SQL Key-value store and navigational NoSQL API Indexed binary objects...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-time transaction processing solutions leverage FairCom DB because its NoSQL...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, UPS, Verizon, Motorola, Commvault, Thomson Reuters, ACI, BNY Mellon, Rockwell...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsFrom banking and financial transactions, transportation, warehouse automation, package...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsJust as the technical aspects of FairCom DB are flexible to meet operation requirements,...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneFaircom DB infoformerly c-treeACEFoundationDBLeanXcaleNebulaGraph
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