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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Elasticsearch vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Elasticsearch vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.12
Rank#308  Overall
#19  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchgithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlweaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperAmazonElasticSeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release201720102017
Current release7.8.0, June 20201.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGo
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesno
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)OpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneElasticsearchWeaviate
Typical application scenariosAs a stand-alone vector search engine, or use one of the many modules (transformers,...
» more
Key customersA ll companies that have data. ​
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWeaviate is open-source, and free to use. We also offer Fully managed Weaviate on...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneElasticsearchWeaviate
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Recent citations in the news

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

How graph databases took over relationship mapping
19 July 2022, The Register

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

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9 August 2022, Tech Times

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Amsterdam-based startup SeMI Technologies raises €14.1M for its open-source vector search engine Weaviate
23 February 2022, Silicon Canals

SeMI Technologies’ search engine opens up new ways to query your data
22 February 2022, TechCrunch

Getting Started with the Weaviate Vector Search Engine
18 May 2020, hackernoon.com

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7 March 2022, VentureBeat

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Job opportunities

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