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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Elasticsearch vs. RDFox

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Elasticsearch vs. RDFox

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonRDFox  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricHigh performance knowledge graph and semantic reasoning engine
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.06
Rank#331  Overall
#34  Graph DBMS
#17  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.oxfordsemantic.tech
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.oxfordsemantic.tech
DeveloperAmazonElastic
Initial release201720102017
Current release7.8.0, June 20205.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infoRDF schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL 1.1
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneElasticsearchRDFox
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Recent citations in the news

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29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
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30 July 2021, ZDNet

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