DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Ehcache vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Ehcache vs. FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. NebulaGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score6.82
Rank#64  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score1.66
Rank#148  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#296  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#136  Relational DBMS
Score1.31
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.ehcache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgwww.leanxcale.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.ehcache.org/­documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperAmazonTerracotta Inc, owned by Software AGFoundationDBLeanXcaleVesoft Inc.
Initial release20172009201320152019
Current release3.10.0, March 20226.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnononoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonosupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JCacheJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
Java
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoin SQL-layer only
Triggersnoyes infoCache Event Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoby using Terracotta ServerShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes infoby using Terracotta ServeryesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyTunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)Linearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoin SQL-layer onlyyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourceACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneEhcacheFoundationDBLeanXcaleNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneEhcacheFoundationDBLeanXcaleNebulaGraph
Recent citations in the news

Microsoft Dataverse, scikit-learn Pipeline Tutorial, NLP Bundle.
23 September 2022, Packt Hub

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

AWS releases Amazon Neptune to help health organizations build apps
1 June 2018, Healthcare IT News

provided by Google News

A Deep Dive into Java Deserialization Vulnerabilities shows Libraries are Loopholes
5 September 2022, Analytics Insight

Jira Data Center user? Here's a critical Ehcache vulnerability to spoil your day
22 July 2021, The Register

Setting Up Distributed Infinispan Cache with Hibernate and Spring
26 May 2016, DZone

Warning over Java libraries and deserialization security weaknesses
22 August 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Tigris Data Launches All-in-One Developer Data Platform
27 September 2022, Datanami

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

insideBIGDATA Latest News – 9/26/2022
26 September 2022, insideBIGDATA

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

NebulaGraph reaps from China’s growing appetite for graph databases
16 September 2022, TechCrunch

Data Management News for the Week of September 23; Updates from Cinchy, Snowflake, TDengine, and More
23 September 2022, Solutions Review

News from the week beginning 12th September 2022 -
20 September 2022, Enterprise Times

Securing Active Directory continues to be a challenge -
3 May 2022, Enterprise Times

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Neptune - Core Engine Development, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Bellevue, WA

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Bellevue, WA

Applied Scientist Graph Query Planning and Optimization, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Development Engineer - Storage and Performance, Amazon Neptune (AWS)
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Java Developer
Excelgens, Jersey City, NJ

Software Developer
BlueSnap, Remote

Back-End Engineer
SponsorUnited, Remote

Senior Back End Engineer, Platform
Altruist, Los Angeles, CA

Senior Java Developer
Worldwide Express, Dallas, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

Present your product here