DB-EnginesDo you need a hard real time database?English
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. EXASOL vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. EXASOL vs. Virtuoso

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.87
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score2.98
Rank#103  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score6.20
Rank#68  Overall
#11  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#37  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.exasol.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.exasol.com/­resourcesdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperAmazonExasolOpenLink Software
Initial release201720001998
Current release7.2.7, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Lua
Python
R
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneEXASOLVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneEXASOLVirtuoso
Recent citations in the news

Data-as-a-Service Market: 47.21% YOY growth achieved in 2021 | Driven by growing amount of data | Technavio
25 June 2022, PR Newswire

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here's how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
2 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Amazon Neptune
22 March 2022, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Global Main Memory Database System Market 2022 by Top Players and Vendors: Impact Report ,SAP ,MenSQL ,EXASOL ,Oracle ,ENEA ,Kognitio ,Altibase ,MxObject ,UNICOM Systems ,Software AG ,IBM , , etc… – Indian Defence News
30 June 2022, Indian Defence News

Global Main Memory Database System Market Size in 2022 | Growth Analysis, Key Players, Share, Revenue, Trends | Regional Forecast till 2028
8 June 2022, Digital Journal

Analytics database vendor Exasol launches DBaaS on AWS
7 February 2022, TechTarget

In-memory OLAP Database Market Size [2022-2029] -Altibase, IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, SAP SE, Exasol, Jedox AG, Kognitio, Mcobject, MemSQL, MicroStrategy, SAS Institute, Teradata, Terracotta – Indian Defence News
29 June 2022, Indian Defence News

Exasol Announces Expanded Capabilities of Its Analytics SaaS Database, Including ETL Integration
3 May 2022, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Amazon Neptune - Software Dev Engineer
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Bellevue, WA

Principal Product Manager-Technical, Amazon Neptune
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Remote

Security Engineer
Corelight, Remote

Technical Sales Specialist
Katana Graph, Austin, TX

Software Development Engineer, Customer Privacy
Amazon.com Services LLC, Austin, TX

Talent Sourcer – SaaS Industry
Exasol Inc., Remote

HR Generalist - Temporary
Exasol, Remote

Data Analyst (m/f/d)
HRS, Remote

Sales Development Representative - USA
Exasol, United States

Head of Sales Operations (m/f/d)
Exasol, Oregon

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here