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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. EXASOL vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. EXASOL vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Columnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.15
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score3.40
Rank#88  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score5.27
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score2.59
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourceshelp.sap.com/­iqdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonExasolSAP, formerly SybaseSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2017200019942014
Current release16.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Lua
Python
R
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyesuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasSAP/Sybase Replication Serveryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationHadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneEXASOLSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflake
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