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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.GridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.15
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score3.40
Rank#88  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#113  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score2.59
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.gridgain.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourceswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latestdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonExasolGridGain Systems, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2017200020072014
Current releaseGridGain 8.5.1
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)user defined functions
Triggersnoyesyes (cache interceptors and events)no infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes (replicated cache)yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneEXASOLGridGainSnowflake
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