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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Datastore

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Datastore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Automatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud Platform
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.87
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score2.98
Rank#103  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score5.75
Rank#71  Overall
#12  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.exasol.comcloud.google.com/­datastore
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.exasol.com/­resourcescloud.google.com/­datastore/­docs
DeveloperAmazonExasolGoogle
Initial release201720002008
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, details here
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query language (GQL)
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Lua
Python
R
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsusing Google App Engine
TriggersnoyesCallbacks using the Google Apps Engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication using Paxos
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor paths
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactions
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneEXASOLGoogle Cloud Datastore
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