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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structuresSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.82
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score2.06
Rank#124  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.enterprisedb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.htmlspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperAmazonEnterpriseDBMicrosoftSybase, SAPApache Software Foundation
Initial release20172005201619932014
Current release14, December 20213.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Scala
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
PHP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Transact SQLyesno
Triggersnoyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configuredno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneEDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADSSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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More resources
Amazon NeptuneEDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADSSpark SQL
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