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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Riak TS

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Riak TS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonRiak TS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerRiak TS is a distributed NoSQL database optimized for time series data and based on Riak KV
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.87
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score2.10
Rank#122  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score21.62
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.21
Rank#284  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.enterprisedb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsriak.com/­products/­riak-ts
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAmazonEnterpriseDBMicrosoftBasho Technologies
Initial release2017200520162015
Current release14, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Erlang
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
PHP
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Transact SQLJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnoyesnoyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replicationyesselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno infolinks between datasets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneEDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseRiak TS
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneEDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseRiak TS
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