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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MongoDB vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MongoDB vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.82
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score2.06
Rank#124  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.enterprisedb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.mongodb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperAmazonEnterpriseDBMicrosoftMongoDB, IncSybase, SAP
Initial release20172005201620091993
Current release14, December 20215.0.6, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSON.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
PHP
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Transact SQLJavaScriptyes
Triggersnoyesnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replicationyesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneEDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMongoDBSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneEDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMongoDBSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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