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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. EDB Postgres vs. FoundationDB vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. EDB Postgres vs. FoundationDB vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score2.59
Rank#117  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score1.83
Rank#142  Overall
#26  Document stores
#26  Key-value stores
#71  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#186  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.enterprisedb.comwww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperAmazonEnterpriseDBFoundationDBVesoft Inc.
Initial release2017200520132019
Current release14, December 20216.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionssupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.in SQL-layer only
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replicationyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesin SQL-layer onlyyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneEDB PostgresFoundationDBNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneEDB PostgresFoundationDBNebulaGraph
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