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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Derby vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Derby vs. TempoIQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Scalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.14
Rank#115  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score4.42
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunedb.apache.org/­derbytempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationTempoIQ
Initial release201719972012
Current release10.17.1.0, November 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsOpenCypher
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin
JDBCHTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaC#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresno
Triggersnoyesyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas within a single region. Global database clusters consists of a primary write DB cluster in one region, and up to five secondary read DB clusters in different regions. Each secondary region can have up to 16 reader instances.Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple authentication-based access control

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
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