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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Cubrid vs. mSQL vs. Sphinx vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Cubrid vs. mSQL vs. Sphinx vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonCubrid  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudCUBRID is an open-source SQL-based relational database management system with object extensions for OLTPmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databasesVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.39
Rank#113  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#81  Relational DBMS
Score1.84
Rank#126  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Score7.61
Rank#55  Overall
#5  Search engines
Score4.69
Rank#74  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#41  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#8  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecubrid.com (korean)
cubrid.org (english)
hughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlsphinxsearch.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescubrid.org/­manualssphinxsearch.com/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperAmazonCUBRID Corporation, CUBRID FoundationHughes TechnologiesSphinx Technologies Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release20172008199420011998
Current release11.0, January 20214.4, October 20213.4.1, July 202108.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2commercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaCC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)yes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresnonoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasSource-replica replicationnonenoneChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonoFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneCubridmSQL infoMini SQLSphinxVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale โ€” as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for โ€” Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including โ€” European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base โ€‹of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneCubridmSQL infoMini SQLSphinxVirtuoso
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