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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. CrateDB vs. Greenplum vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. CrateDB vs. Greenplum vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudDistributed Date Store based on LuceneAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.82
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.97
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score13.36
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score4.70
Rank#83  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecrate.iogreenplum.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescrate.io/­docsdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperAmazonCratePivotal Software Inc.Timescale
Initial release2017201320052017
Current release6.7.1, April 20202.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infosince Version 4.2yes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, but no triggers and constraintsyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyesuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factorSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneCrateDBGreenplumTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Time-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
With over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
TimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneCrateDBGreenplumTimescaleDB
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