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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Couchbase vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Couchbase vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. OpenEdge vs. Realm

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score32.16
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score4.86
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score3.80
Rank#79  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score8.85
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.couchbase.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.progress.com/­openedgerealm.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.couchbase.comdocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftProgress Software CorporationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20172011201219842014
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019OpenEdge 11.7, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language).Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnonoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)User and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesUsers and groupsyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft Azure Table StorageOpenEdgeRealm
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft Azure Table StorageOpenEdgeRealm
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