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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Greenplum vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Greenplum vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesDistributed Date Store based on LuceneAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score28.78
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.94
Rank#183  Overall
#88  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score13.33
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score1.67
Rank#136  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.couchbase.comcrate.iogreenplum.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.couchbase.comcrate.io/­docsdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperAmazonCouchbase, Inc.CratePivotal Software Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20172011201320051998
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20216.7.1, April 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes, but no triggers and constraintsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptuser defined functionsyesPL/SQL
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)User and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBGreenplumTimesTen
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBGreenplumTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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