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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Citus vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hazelcast vs. Linter

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Citus vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hazelcast vs. Linter

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonLinter  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A widely adopted in-memory data gridRDBMS for high security requirements
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.86
Rank#120  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.36
Rank#143  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Score16.95
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.09
Rank#47  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.12
Rank#299  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehazelcast.comlinter.ru/­en
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasehazelcast.org/­imdg/­docs
DeveloperAmazonGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Hazelcastrelex.ru/­en
Initial release20172010201220081990
Current release8.1, December 20184.1.1, December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxhostedAll OS with a Java VMAIX
Android
BSD
HP Open VMS
iOS
Linux
OS X
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
LINQ
ODBC
OLE DB
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Ruby
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.limited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes infoproprietary syntax with the possibility to convert from PL/SQL
TriggersnoyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoEventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes infoReplicated MapSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyesone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneCitusFirebase Realtime DatabaseHazelcastLinter
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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Amazon NeptuneCitusFirebase Realtime DatabaseHazelcastLinter
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