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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Cassandra vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Cassandra vs. MonetDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.90
Rank#119  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score114.85
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.05
Rank#115  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecassandra.apache.orgwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMonetDB BV
Initial release201720082004
Current release3.11.10 , February 2021Oct2020-SP2, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneCassandraMonetDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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More resources
Amazon NeptuneCassandraMonetDB
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