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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Cassandra vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.81
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score120.07
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score4.85
Rank#63  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score8.54
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecassandra.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablesrealm.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoftRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release2017200820122014
Current release3.11.6, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnoyesnoyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneCassandraMicrosoft Azure Table StorageRealm
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneCassandraMicrosoft Azure Table StorageRealm
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