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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Cassandra vs. InfinityDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Cassandra vs. InfinityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonInfinityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interface
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score118.15
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.00
Rank#355  Overall
#55  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunecassandra.apache.orgboilerbay.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcescassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestboilerbay.com/­infinitydb/­manual
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookBoiler Bay Inc.
Initial release201720082002
Current release4.0.5, July 20224.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infonested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical ‘tuple space’ runtime Schema upgrade
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoall Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arrays
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capability
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Access via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/­docs/­ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency infoREAD-COMMITTED or SERIALIZED
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnono infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capability
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infoOptimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loads
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per objectno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneCassandraInfinityDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon NeptuneCassandraInfinityDB
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Recent citations in the news

Amazon announces general availability of its Graph Database called Neptune
29 July 2022, Analytics India Magazine

How graph databases took over relationship mapping
19 July 2022, The Register

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2 November 2021, YourStory

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