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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Blazegraph vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Blazegraph vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score0.86
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.77
Rank#203  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneblazegraph.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswiki.blazegraph.comrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperAmazonBlazegraphSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201720062004
Current release2.1.5, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageno
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in Graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Security and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)no

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneBlazegraphRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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