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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSMultivalue DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.22
Rank#111  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.87
Rank#189  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score15.71
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.21
Rank#283  Overall
#11  Multivalue DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneblazegraph.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswiki.blazegraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperAmazonBlazegraphMicrosoft
Initial release2017200620162019
Current release2.1.5, March 20191.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesTransact SQLno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in Graphsno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Security and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)yesno

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneBlazegraphMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMilvus
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