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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Blazegraph vs. Cassandra

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Blazegraph vs. Cassandra

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write access
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.20
Rank#119  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.75
Rank#219  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score101.89
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneblazegraph.comcassandra.apache.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswiki.blazegraph.comcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latest
DeveloperAmazonBlazegraphApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by Facebook
Initial release201720062008
Current release2.1.5, March 20194.1.3, July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solution
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)
APIs and other access methodsOpenCypher
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesno
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas within a single region. Global database clusters consists of a primary write DB cluster in one region, and up to five secondary read DB clusters in different regions. Each secondary region can have up to 16 reader instances.yesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in Graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Security and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users can be defined per object
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneBlazegraphCassandra
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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