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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. eXtremeDB vs. Realm vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. eXtremeDB vs. Realm vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score3.17
Rank#107  Overall
#21  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#209  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
#15  Time Series DBMS
Score9.51
Rank#51  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score0.15
Rank#333  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunedrill.apache.orgwww.mcobject.comrealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdrill.apache.org/­docswww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationMcObjectRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SC
Initial release20172012200120142011
Current release1.20.2, August 20228.2, 20214.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infosupport of XML interfaces availableno
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnono
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersnonoyes infoby defining eventsyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning / shardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyesyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Depending on the underlying data sourceyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneApache DrilleXtremeDBRealmSTSdb
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneApache DrilleXtremeDBRealmSTSdb
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