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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. Realm vs. STSdb vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. Realm vs. STSdb vs. VoltDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Relational DBMS
Document storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score3.17
Rank#107  Overall
#21  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score9.51
Rank#51  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score0.15
Rank#333  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Score1.97
Rank#137  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunedrill.apache.orgrealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4www.voltdb.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdrill.apache.org/­docsrealm.io/­docsdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SCVoltDB Inc.
Initial release20172012201420112010
Current release1.19.0, June 20214.0.8, September 201511.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC#Java, C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
WindowsLinux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnonoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantnonoyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client APIJava API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessarynoJava
Triggersnonoyes infoChange Listenersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnonenoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnononono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDnoACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Depending on the underlying data sourceyesnoUsers and roles with access to stored procedures
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillRealmSTSdbVoltDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillRealmSTSdbVoltDB
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