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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. GraphDB vs. Realm vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. GraphDB vs. Realm vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score3.17
Rank#107  Overall
#21  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.49
Rank#119  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score9.51
Rank#51  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score0.15
Rank#333  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunedrill.apache.orgwww.ontotext.comrealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdrill.apache.org/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationrealm.io/­docs
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationOntotextRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SC
Initial release20172012200020142011
Current release1.20.2, August 20229.8, June 20214.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnonoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCnono
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersnononoyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoConstraint checkingnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Depending on the underlying data sourceDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.yesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMRealmSTSdb
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMRealmSTSdb
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