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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Realm vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Realm vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Relational DBMS
Document storeDocument storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.19
Rank#102  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score2.98
Rank#107  Overall
#21  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score6.61
Rank#66  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score9.31
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score0.02
Rank#347  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunedrill.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­datastorerealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdrill.apache.org/­docscloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationGoogleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SC
Initial release20172012200820142011
Current release1.19.0, June 20214.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, details hereyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like query language (GQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsusing Google App Engineno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
TriggersnonoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication using Paxosnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourcenoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Depending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillGoogle Cloud DatastoreRealmSTSdb
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillGoogle Cloud DatastoreRealmSTSdb
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