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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. Couchbase vs. Realm vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. Couchbase vs. Realm vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Relational DBMS
Document storeDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.19
Rank#102  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score2.98
Rank#107  Overall
#21  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score28.69
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.31
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score0.02
Rank#347  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunedrill.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comrealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdrill.apache.org/­docsdocs.couchbase.comrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationCouchbase, Inc.Realm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SC
Initial release20172012201120142011
Current release1.19.0, June 2021Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20214.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsFunctions and timers in JavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersnonoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Depending on the underlying data sourceUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRealmSTSdb
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRealmSTSdb
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