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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. Blazegraph vs. Realm vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Apache Drill vs. Blazegraph vs. Realm vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.40
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score3.17
Rank#107  Overall
#21  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score1.09
Rank#192  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score9.51
Rank#51  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score0.15
Rank#333  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunedrill.apache.orgblazegraph.comrealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdrill.apache.org/­docswiki.blazegraph.comrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationBlazegraphRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SC
Initial release20172012200620142011
Current release1.20.2, August 20222.1.5, March 20194.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSPARQL is used as query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersnononoyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in Graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Depending on the underlying data sourceyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Depending on the underlying data sourceSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)yesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillBlazegraphRealmSTSdb
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneApache DrillBlazegraphRealmSTSdb
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