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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.87
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score25.33
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score21.62
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptuneaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAmazonAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Microsoft
Initial release201720122016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnorestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQL
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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Amazon NeptuneAmazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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