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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score75.20
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score53.81
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftSAP
Initial release201219892010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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Recent citations in the news

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23 July 2021, ExecutiveBiz

A better way to query DynamoDB data with SQL
10 March 2021, TechTarget

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5 July 2021, The Manomet Current

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9 September 2020, TechTarget

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6 July 2021, ZDNet

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7 July 2021, Windows Central

Microsoft extends security updates for Windows and SQL Server 2012 and 2008
15 July 2021, The Register

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21 July 2021, EIN News

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20 July 2021, marketscreener.com

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21 July 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

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19 July 2021, Marketscreener.com

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