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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Postgres-XL vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Postgres-XL vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score77.63
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score17.98
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#203  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Score20.57
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgres-xl.orgwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release201220162014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2005
Current release10 R1, October 2018Vertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLuser defined functionsyes
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioningSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMulti-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonoyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgres-XLVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsColumnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgres-XLVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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