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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Postgres-XL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Postgres-XL vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score77.63
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score17.98
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#203  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#243  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgres-xl.orgtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationtrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release201220162014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2014
Current release10 R1, October 20182.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CC++, Java
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLuser defined functionsJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgres-XLTrafodion
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