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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
ToroDB seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score70.95
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score76.75
Rank#16  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­products/­azure-sql/­databasegithub.com/­torodb/­server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release201220102016
Current releaseV12
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedhostedAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureToroDB
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Recent citations in the news

3 cost-cutting tips for Amazon DynamoDB
9 July 2024, InfoWorld

Simplify cross-account access control with Amazon DynamoDB using resource-based policies
20 March 2024, AWS Blog

Introducing configurable maximum throughput for Amazon DynamoDB on-demand
3 May 2024, AWS Blog

Continuously replicate Amazon DynamoDB changes to Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL using AWS Lambda
14 May 2024, AWS Blog

Bulk update Amazon DynamoDB tables with AWS Step Functions
20 March 2024, AWS Blog

provided by Google News

Public Preview: New Azure SQL Database skills introduced to Microsoft Copilot in Azure
21 May 2024, Microsoft

Copilot in Azure SQL Database in Private Preview
27 March 2024, InfoQ.com

Getting started with delivering generative AI capabilities in SQL Server and Azure SQL
26 June 2024, microsoft.com

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