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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP HANA vs. Valentina Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP HANA vs. Valentina Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonValentina Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceObject-relational database and reports server
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score69.14
Rank#17  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score32.97
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score50.87
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#269  Overall
#124  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.valentina-db.net
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbhelp.sap.com/­hanavalentina-db.com/­docs/­dokuwiki/­v5/­doku.php
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftSAPParadigma Software
Initial release2012201420101999
Current release2.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20205.7.5
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhostedAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Visual Basic
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptSQLScript, Ryes
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdaJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)with Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSAP HANAValentina Server
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