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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database servicePopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score74.07
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score29.04
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score157.80
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodblearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release201220142009
Current release7.2.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languagewith RediSQL module
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdaJavaScriptpublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)with Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*through RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication

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More resources
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