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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score66.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score11.94
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score31.67
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.marklogic.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.marklogic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazonMarkLogic Corp.MicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release2012200120142010
Current release9.0, 20177.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL92SQL-like query languageYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJavaScriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdayesJavaScriptyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, with Range Indexesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBStardog
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDynobase: Professional DynamoDB GUI Client. Available for Mac, Windows & Linux.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DynamoDBMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBStardog
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