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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score66.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score11.94
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score31.67
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.marklogic.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.marklogic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonMarkLogic Corp.MicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release2012200120141994
Current release9.0, 201718.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL92SQL-like query languageyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJavaScriptno
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdayesJavaScriptyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, with Range Indexesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelno
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Dynobase: Professional DynamoDB GUI Client. Available for Mac, Windows & Linux.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DynamoDBMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracle Berkeley DB
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