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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Riak KV vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Riak KV vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score87.26
Rank#15  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score157.23
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score6.29
Rank#69  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Score3.62
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2riak.com/­products/­riak-kvpingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAmazonIBMBasho TechnologiesPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20121983 infohost version20092016
Current release12.1, October 20162.1.0, April 20155.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial infofree version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC and C++ErlangGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)selectable replication factorUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Riak KVTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Riak KVTiDB
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