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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score69.14
Rank#17  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score157.17
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#305  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score552.23
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2memgraph.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.memgraph.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAmazonIBMMemgraph LtdPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20121983 infohost version20171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release12.1, October 201613.1, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial infofree version is availablecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding infodynamic graph partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Multi-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2MemgraphPostgreSQL
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