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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. HugeGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. HugeGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score77.63
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score0.12
Rank#302  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
Score17.98
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#203  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbgithub.com/­hugegraphazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbhugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-docdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperAmazonBaiduMicrosoft
Initial release2012201820162014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release0.910 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Unix
hostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyes infoalso supports composite index and range indexyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJava API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Python
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoasynchronous Gremlin script jobsTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)via hugegraph-sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoedges in graphno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissionsyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBHugeGraphMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgres-XL
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